DreamDTH Updates

A handy guide to satellite capacity of Indian DTH operators in 2020


Highlights

Tata Sky leads the single brand satellite capacity with 24 transponders
Dish TV leads the multi-brand capacity with 30 transponders (DishTV+d2h)

A Geostationary communication satellite is the beating heart of a DTH system and the transponder capacity is its very lifeforce. Just like the spectrum holding capacity determines the efficiency of a telecom operator, the transponder capacity determines the efficiency of a DTH operator. A typical Ku band transponder in the DVB-S2 system can carry as many as 20 HD or 40 SD channels with MPEG-4 compression standard.

Currently, there is 1 state-owned and 4 private DTH operators (Dish TV operates under 2 brands) providing service in India. The department of space (DOS) permits DTH operators to only use satellites commissioned by Indian Space and Research Organisation (ISRO) or in case there isn’t sufficient capacity on ISRO satellites then they are permitted to use capacity leased by ISRO from foreign satellites. 
Here we will enlist the satellites used and the transponder capacity available to all DTH operators along with their current TV channel count. This is intended to help potential subscribers get a birds-eye view and make an informed choice while picking a DTH service provider. Dish TV and d2h have been listed separately since they operate as individual brands and have separate satellites as well.
Tata Sky:
Tata Sky has a total of 24 Ku band transponders from 2 satellites. 12 transponders from GSAT-10 located at 83° East, owned by ISRO launched in 2012 with a lifespan of 12 years and 12 transponders from GSAT-30 co-located at 83° East, owned by ISRO launched in 2020 with a lifespan of 15 years. Tata Sky currently offers 715 channels of which 504 are SD, 91 are HD and 118 are service channels while 2 channels are specific to certain STB models.
SatelliteNameTransponderSr. No.Frequency (MHz)Polarization(V/H)Symbol Rate (Ksps)GSAT-10110970V32720211010V32720311050V32720411090V32720511130V32720611170V32720711470V32720811510V32720911550V327201011590V327201111630V327201211670V32720GSAT-301310970H327201411010H327201511050H327201611090H327201711130H327201811170H327201911470H327202011510H327202111550H327202211590H327202311630H327202411670H32720For Polarization V=Vertical H=Horizontal
Airtel Digital TV:
Airtel Digital TV has a total of 18 Ku band transponders from 2 satellites. 12 transponders from SES-7 located at 108.2° East, owned by SES launched in 2009 with a lifespan of 15 years and 6 transponders from SES-9 co-located at 108.2° East, owned by SES launched in 2016 with a lifespan of 15 years. Airtel Digital TV currently offers 627 channels of which 488 are SD, 86 are HD and 53 are service channels.
SatelliteNameTransponder Sr. No.Frequency(MHz)Polarization(V/H)Symbol Rate(Ksps)SES-7111480V28800211483H29000311520V30000411520H32700511560V32700611560H32700711600V32700811600H32700911640V300001011640H327001111680V327001211680H32700SES-91312281V437001412341V437001512591V437001612651V437001712711V437001812711H44990For Polarization V=Vertical H=Horizontal
Dish TV:
Dish TV has a total of 17 Ku band transponders from 2 satellites. 11 transponders from SES-8 located at 95° East, owned by SES launched in 2013 with a lifespan of 15 years and 6 transponders from GSAT-15 located at 93.5° East, owned by ISRO launched in 2015 with a lifespan of 12 years. Dish TV currently offers 453 TV channels of which 365 are SD, 65 are HD and 23 are service channels.
SatelliteNameTransponderSr. No.Frequency(MHz)Polarization(V/H)Symbol Rate(Ksps)SES-8112403H43000212464H43000312534V43200412595V40700512595H43200612647V32700712647H30000812688V27500912688H320001012729V327001112729H32000GSAT-151211050V295001311130V295001411460H125001511480H145001611510H295001711590H29500For Polarization V=Vertical H=Horizontal
d2h:
d2h has a total of 13 transponders from ST-2 satellite located at 88° East, owned by SingTel launched in 2011 with a lifespan of 15 years. d2h currently offers 515 TV channels of which 425 are SD, 64 are HD and 26 are service channels.
SatelliteNameTransponderSr. No.Frequency(MHz)Polarization(V/H)Symbol Rate(Ksps)ST-2111050V30000211050H30000311164V44995411164H44995511483V44995611483H44995711546V44995811546H44995911609V439781011609H449951111672V449951211672H449951311698V1600For Polarization V=Vertical H=Horizontal
Sun Direct:
Sun Direct has a total of 13 transponders from 3 satellites. 5 transponders from MEASAT-3 located at 91.5° East, owned by MEA Satellite systems launched in 2006 with a lifespan of 15 years, 4 transponders from MEASAT-3B co-located at 91.5° East, owned by MEA Satellite systems launched in 2014 with a lifespan of 15 years and 4 transponders from GSAT-15 located at 93.5° East, owned by ISRO launched in 2015 with a lifespan of 12 years. Sun Direct currently offers 448 TV channels of which 363 are SD, 75 are HD and 10 are service channels.
SatelliteNameTransponderSr. No.Frequency(MHz)Polarization(V/H)Symbol Rate(Ksps)MEASAT-3112316H30000212436H32000312563H32000412603H32000512643H32000MEASAT-3B612276H34000712356H34000812396H32000912476H32000GSAT-151010970V320001111010V320001211630H320001311670H32000For Polarization V=Vertical H=Horizontal
DD Free Dish:
DD Free Dish has a total of 6 transponders from GSAT-15 satellite located at 93.5° East, owned by ISRO launched in 2015 with a lifespan of 12 years. DD currently offers 108 unencrypted free channels of which 106 are SD and 2 are HD. Additionally DD free dish users also get access to 32 Swayam Prabha channels and 16 Vande Gujarat channels from additional transponders leased by the government, taking the grand total to 156.
SatelliteNameTransponderSr. No.Frequency(MHz)Polarization(V/H)Symbol Rate(Ksps)GSAT-15111090V29500211170V29500311470V29500411510V29500511550V29500611630V30000For Polarization V=Vertical H=Horizontal
Note: Dish TV and Sun Direct subscribers also get access to the 156 unencrypted free channels beamed by DD free dish since they both share capacity on GSAT-15 which is used by DD free dish. In addition to the available transponder capacity, the channel offering by a DTH operator also depends on external variables like the renewal of a contractual agreement with the various Broadcasters.

Published on 2020-05-20 19:26:33 by dreamdth user Esmail Beguwala

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