Tom & Jerry is an American animated series of short movies created in 1940, through William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. It centers on a rivalry among its title characters, Tom and Jerry, and plenty of routine characters, primarily based round slapstick comedy.
In its authentic run, Hanna and Barbera produced 114 Tom and Jerry shorts for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer from 1940 to 1958. at some stage in this time, they received seven Academy Awards for lively short movie, tying for first location with Walt Disney’s stupid Symphonies with the maximum awards within the class. After the MGM cool animated film studio closed in 1958, MGM revived the collection with Gene Deitch directing an extra 13 Tom and Jerry shorts for Rembrandt films from 1961 to 1962. Tom and Jerry then became the best-grossing lively brief movie collection of that point, overtaking Looney Tunes. Chuck Jones then produced every other 34 shorts with Sib-Tower 12 Productions among 1963 and 1967. 3 greater shorts had been produced, The Mansion Cat in 2001, The Karate shield in 2005, and “A Fundraising journey” in 2014, making a complete of 164 shorts. various shorts were launched for domestic media for the reason that 1990s.
a number of spin-offs were made, consisting of the television series The Tom and Jerry display (1975), The Tom and Jerry Comedy show (1980eighty two), Tom and Jerry kids (1990ninety three), Tom and Jerry memories (200608), and The Tom and Jerry show (2014present). the first function-length movie based totally on the series, Tom and Jerry: The movie, was launched in 1992, and 12 direct-to-video movies have been produced when you consider that 2002.
severa Tom and Jerry shorts have been challenge to controversy, specially over racial stereotypes which entails the portrayal of the ordinary black man or woman Mammy two footwear and characters performing in blackface. different debatable topics encompass cannibalism and the glamorization of smoking.
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